The Brentor Commons have an ancient origin, and formed an important part of the original parish of Brentor prior to the enlargement of the parish in the 1880s. They occupy a site of high landscape value on a ridge between Brent Tor and the Lyd Valley area of outstanding natural beauty. They command excellent views across to St Michael de Rupe and northwest Dartmoor.
Bowden DownSX 467 820 11.4 hectares (28.2 acres)
This fairly level area of degraded lowland heath is cut into two segments by a north-south road. It was the site of mining for manganese and ochre in the nineteenth century and the remnants of mining shafts and open cast workings remain. The western segment sports a fine display of bluebells in the spring and has remnants of the original heather cover. Small pearl bordered fritillaries and possibly pearl bordered fritillaries have been recorded here in the early summer. It is also an excellent location for watching cuckoos in the spring.
Liddaton Down SX 458 820 6.5 hectares (16.1 acres).
This area of rough uneven land, 500m to the west of Bowden Down, is cut into four segments by cross roads. The land slopes steeply down to a stream in the south and towards the Lyd Valley in the north. There are three small quarries in the south-east segment, the largest of which is flooded and is known as Liddaton Pond. The northwest segment has a two-acre bluebell meadow.
The Brentor Commons Association (BCA)
The freehold of these two areas of common land was purchased by public subscription in June 2004 under the auspices of the Brentor Commons Trust (BCT) with the aid of a grant from the Dartmoor Preservation Association. Responsibility for the land was passed to The Brentor Commons Association in April 2005.The Association has 28 members and is a registered charity (number 1108422) whose objects are:
To promote for the benefit of the public the conservation, protection and improvement of the physical and natural environment of Bowden Down and Liddaton Down, Brentor in the County of Devon (“The Brentor Commons”).
To advance the education of the public in the conservation, protection and improvement of the physical and natural environment of The Brentor Commons.
This work is subject to the lawful rights of the commoners, who have a long-standing interest in the agricultural use of the land.
The Downs were areas of degraded lowland heath when they were acquired by the Association in 2004. The main priorities have therefore been scrub clearance and the identification and restoration of a wider range of habitats. The presence of unfenced roads and the lack of cattle grids make grazing impossible on both sites. The work must be done manually and in these activities management and education go hand-in-hand.
Three hundred native heather plants were planted on Bowden Down by about a dozen volunteers after the village coffee morning on 6 October 2018. The plants were purchased using a grant from Brentor Parish Council.
This planting is part of the project to regenerate the Down and bring it back to its original habitat of lowland heath. More work will continue this autumn and winter in conjunction with the Tavistock Taskforce, using funding received from the Co-op Good Causes Fund.
Damage to Liddaton Down Serious damage to Liddaton Down was discovered it on 10th September 2017. A large, probably four-wheel-drive, tractor with a heavy duty ‘topper’ has been driven around the south-east quadrant of the Down creating a three to four-metre wide track. It has smashed into a particularly sensitive area for butterflies which the Brentor Commons Association have been managing for some years and has caused considerable, possibly irrepairable, damage. Will Walker-Smith, a member of the Association, has spoken to some of the Commoners and they have no idea who has done this. The Police have visited the site twice and it have recorded the damage as a crime. The Association is receiving advice from The Open Spaces Society and Devon Wildlife Trust and the damage has been featured in the Tavistock Times and will be on the Western Morning News. The pattern of destruction is has been recorded using a Drone camera.
Some small trees have already been planted into the illegal access gaps to make it obvious that it is illegal to drive onto the Commons and signs with information about the damage, crime reference number etc will be erected. The land is owned by the Brentor Commons Association and managed as a wildlife reserve with open access for members of the public. The Commoners have rights to graze cattle, sheep and pigs, remove stone, turfs, bracken and sedge from the Common. The commons have not been grazed for many years and have been owned by the Brentor Commons Association since 2004.
It is thought that the track may have been cut to create some form of ‘off-road’ track for either motorised trail bikes or, even worse, for four- wheel drive vehicles.
The area is being monitored on a daily basis and all people are asked to report any incursions to the police or the Brentor Commons Association.